Foods to Avoid For Diabetics
Food choices for diabetics are founded on the principle of establishing or maintaining a healthy weight, balanced carbohydrates, proteins and fats, and maintaining stable blood sugar levels. Basically, a ‘diabetic’ diet could be offered to all individuals as an example of healthy eating.
Included in the healthy menu plan for diabetics would include food choices that contain complex carbohydrates; these products would maintain a steady stream of energy for the body’s cells over a period of time, avoiding sudden increases in blood sugar, which over time cause damage to tissues, blood vessels and organs. Adequate proteins are necessary for muscle and cell wall function and activities. Fats provide needed nutrients as well but only in small amounts.
Foods to avoid when diabetic are surgery items like donuts, candy, and desserts. This doesn’t mean that the diabetic can’t enjoy these foods, but they should only be eaten in small portions and must be counted in and planned for so that proper amounts of insulin are available to make us of it and not leave an excess that cannot be processed. This condition leads to hyperglycemia, can be a serious complication, and could potentially be fatal if not treated.
Starches and sugars should only be eaten in moderation. Using the ideal body weight of a person is necessary to establish healthy amounts or portions. Some of the newer monitoring techniques use ‘carb counting’ as an indicator for how much insulin to administer and is much easier to accomplish that the older system of food exchanges. Dining out in restaurants is more easily accomplished with this method, and most restaurants and fast food establishments have paper copies of carbohydrate content or you can find them online listed under the restaurant name. These can be printed out for ready reference.
Low fiber foods should be overlooked and higher fiber items are recommended. This not only helps the stomach to feel full longer, but it has been shown to maintain blood sugar levels for longer periods.
With the latest research, a new term has come to the forefront for diabetic meal planning and for athletes as well. Glycemic index is a term used to describe how much any food raises the blood sugar level as much as the same amount of glucose would raise it. This is important because studies have found that the lower the number of the glycemic index of a food item, and is less likely to suddenly raise the blood sugar levels. Maintaining a steady level of blood sugar is one of the main goals of a diabetic diet. Staying away from foods with a high glycemic index therefore, is important. Most products include this information on their label. Individuals can also find this information on the internet or in dietary books or references. Most physicians have pamphlets with this information or can obtain it for you.
For many diabetics, just following a healthy diet is all that is necessary and avoiding foods that shouldn’t be eaten. There will always be times when the sweet tooth attacks and ‘bad’ foods are going to be consumed. Planning or preparing for times like these will keep the diabetic healthy and happy.